CBD 101
What is CBD?

CBD 101-If you want to learn more about CBD, you’ve come to the right place.

We’ve designed this CBD 101 page, to help you understand all of the terms, questions, and answers that you’ll come across when shopping for CBD products.

 

What is 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)? 

2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) is an endogenous cannabinoid ligand that’s most prevalent in the brain.

Unlike anandamide, studies suggest that 2-AG is the primary endocannabinoid involved in retrograde signaling in the brain and the true natural ligand for cannabinoid receptors.  

What is aeroponics? 

The aeroponics cultivation technique centers around plants growing in an environment that relies on air versus soil. 

With this process, cultivators embed seeds into foam that’s stuffed into small pots that hold a plant’s root mass and stem in place. With light and a mist infused with nutrients, the plants receive nourishment.

What is alcohol extraction?

A common extraction method, this practice requires extractors to soak flowers in food-grade alcohol, like ethanol, for a specified period of time. 

Afterward, extractors strain the flower and place the leftover liquid over a low heat source to remove the alcohol while preserving the cannabinoids.

What is anandamide?

Dubbed the “bliss molecule, “anandamide is a mood enhancer. 

It’s naturally produced in the body and interacts with the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system. 

Also called N-arachidonoylethanolamine (AEA), this molecule is not only a cannabinoid-receptor binding agent but a neurotransmitter that sends signals to the cannabinoid receptors that are located throughout the body. By binding with receptors, anandamide affects various functions, including fertility, mood fluctuation, appetite, and pain management.  

What is a CBD balm?

Representing a variety of topical CBD products, CBD balms are typically available as ointments. 

With this delivery method, users should apply CBD balms directly to the surface of their skin. CBD balms are great for pain management and restoration. 

What is a bath bomb?

These palm-sized spheres include a fun mix of salts, fizzy ingredients, colorants, oils, and surprises like glitter or rose petals. 

When you put a CBD bath bomb into the water, the sodium bicarbonate in the bomb releases carbon dioxide gas by interacting with the citric acid. For example, think of Alka-Seltzer tablets in water. When the CBD bath bomb breaks down, it should release soothing fragrances, colorants, and ingredients that moisturize the skin. 

What is bioavailability? 

CBD bioavailability is the percentage of CBD that the bloodstream actually absorbs. 

The more CBD that enters the bloodstream, the more potent the CBD will be. Experiencing higher levels of CBD will depend on the type of product that a user buys and how that user takes it. Currently, studies suggest that ingesting CBD leads to a much lower bioavailability rate than inhaling CBD. However, the effects of ingestion are longer.

What is broad-spectrum CBD?

Broad-spectrum CBD features all of the phytochemicals from the hemp plant, excluding THC. 

Even though broad-spectrum CBD products are THC-free, they still deliver the entourage effect. This remedy is excellent for CBD users who want drug test safe products. 

What is cannabaceae? 

Cannabaceae is a family of flowering plants involving 170 species and 11 genera, including cannabis. 

Cannabaceae is part of the hemp family (order Rosales). Rosales is the rose order of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It features 9 families, 216 genera, and more than 7,700 species. 

What is cannabichromene (CBC)?

CBC is the acronym for cannabichromene. 

A non-intoxicating cannabinoid, CBC is considered one of the “big six” cannabinoids in medical research. Similar to THC and CBD, CBC also derives from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Studies suggest that CBC may help with pain, inflammation, depression, and more.  

What is cannabichromenic acid (CBCA)?

CBCA is the acronym for cannabichromenic acid. 

A non-intoxicating compound, CBCA derives when CBGA and breaks down to produce cannabichromene (CBC). 

When cannabis flower has reached almost full maturity, CBCA is one of the cannabinoids that appear. Unlike other molecules in cannabis, CBCA is not present in high quantities in any Cannabis sativa strain. Not many studies exist on CBCA, but research suggests the cannabinoid may help relieve bacterial infections. 

What is cannabichromevarin (CBCV)?

CBCV is the acronym for cannabichromevarin. 

In cannabis strains, CBCV exists in smaller amounts than THC and CBD. Research is limited on CBCV. However, because its molecular structure is similar to CBC, CBCV may have the same effects as CBC.

What is cannabichromevarinic acid (CBCVA)?

CBCVA is the acronym for cannabichromevarinic acid.

This molecule is the precursor to cannabichromevarin (CBCV). Not much research has been done on CBCVA, but some industry experts and users believe it may help regulate sleep, appetite, and mood.

What is cannabidiol (CBD)?

CBD is the acronym for cannabidiol.

 CBD is a cannabinoid that’s present in the cannabis and hemp plant when CBDA breaks down. There are many products with “CBD” attached to it, but not all of these products are created equal. Research suggests that CBD may help with anxiety, depression, inflammation, heart health, skin health, chronic pain, nausea, and more.

How does CBD work?

CBD helps support a healthy nervous system. It’s like a vitamin for your endocannabinoid system (ECS).

The ECS is a biological system composed of neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, which are expressed throughout the vertebrate central nervous system and peripheral nervous system. CBD helps modulate and regulate the firing of the CB1 and CB2 receptors. 

How do I use CBD?

There are a few different ways that you can use organic CBD:

Sublingually: We advise taking 3-5 drops of CBD oil, which is a mid-range amount for most individuals. Put the CBD drops underneath your tongue and keep them there for 60 seconds. The effects of the CBD oil will work in 15 minutes and last 4-6 hours. 

Inhale: We recommend that you inhale 2-3 puffs of CBD, which is a medium-size amount for most individuals. When you inhale, hold your breath for 5 seconds. This method works very fast and lasts about 2-4 hours.

Topically: Rub a small amount of CBD onto the affected area of your body — there’s no need to use large amounts. This method works very fast and lasts about 2-4 hours.

Edibles: We suggest eating one chocolate square or 1 tsp. of edible hemp. It takes around 30-45 minutes for the edible to take effect, but it lasts up to 8 hours.

What is cannabidiolic acid (CBDA)?

CBDA is the acronym for cannabidiolic acid. 

This molecule derives from CBGA. Over time, CBDA converts to CBD when extractors apply heat to the cannabinoid. Research suggests that CBDA reduces inflammation, helps control nausea, decreases depression, and affects levels of serotonin. 

What is cannabidivarin (CBDV)?

CBDV is the acronym for cannabidivarin. 

This molecule is present in the hemp plant, and it’s similar to CBD in its structure. This cannabinoid will not provide a psychoactive effect. Studies suggest that CBDV has anti-epileptic properties and may help with neurobehavioral conditions, memory, muscular dystrophy, inflammation, and nausea.  

What is cannabidivarinic acid (CBDVA)?

CBDVA is the acronym for cannabidivarinic acid.

It’s the carboxylic acid precursor of cannabidivarin (CBDV) and is non-psychoactive. Studies suggest that CBDVA may have anticonvulsant properties, but research on its therapeutic benefits is still ongoing. 

What is cannabigerol (CBG)?

CBG is the acronym for cannabigerol.

Unlike THC and CBD, CBG presents itself in low levels in most strains. In fact, CBG usually makes up less than 1% of cannabis strains. CBG is a minor cannabinoid, and it’s present when CBGA breaks down. 

Studies suggest that CBG may help relieve glaucoma and inflammation from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Researchers also report that CBG may reduce bladder dysfunction disorders and fight bacterial infections. 

What is cannabigerolic acid (CBGA)? 

CBGA is the acronym for cannabigerolic acid.

It’s one of many minor cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, and it’s a critical compound in cannabis flower as it helps protect the plant. By triggering plant cell necrosis for natural leaf pruning, CBGA helps the cannabis plant increase energy directed toward the flower. 

Known as the “mother of all cannabinoids,” CBGA is also the acid precursor to cannabigerol (CBG) and breaks down to produce three major molecules, such as cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), cannabichromenic acid (CBCA), and tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA). Those cannabinoids eventually lead to CBD, CBC, and THC. Studies suggest that CBGA may help with various conditions, including cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders. 

What is cannabigerovarin (CBGV)?

CBGV is the acronym of cannabigerovarin.

A non-psychoactive compound, CBGV is a lesser-known cannabinoid in and Cannabis sativa plant. Researchers report that CBGV may have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies also suggest that CBGV may help improve dry-skin conditions. 

What is cannabigerovarinic acid (CBGVA)?

CBGVA is the acronym for cannabigerovarinic acid (CBGVA).

It’s the carboxylic acid precursor of cannabigerovarin (CBGV). Considered to be a “stem cell” cannabinoid, CBGVA goes through enzymatic processes to transform into the carboxylic acid precursors of varin cannabinoids such as CBDVA, THCVA, and CBCVA. 

What is a cannabinoid? 

A cannabinoid is one of the diverse, naturally-occurring chemical compounds in cannabis and hemp.

The two most notable cannabinoids are THC and CBD. 

Each cannabinoid in the cannabis and hemp plant shows up in different levels. When users take cannabinoids, the molecules act on the endocannabinoid system’s receptors. 

Every cannabinoid has therapeutic properties, but researchers are still studying each cannabinoid to better understand its benefits and how it works. When taking multiple cannabinoids, users experience the entourage effect, which provides a more holistic impact on the body. 

What are other cannabinoids commonly found in CBD products? 

Other cannabinoids commonly found in CBD products are THCa, CBDa, CBG, CBC, and THCv. These are all non-psychoactive cannabinoids.

 

What are cannabinoid receptors? 

A member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily, cannabinoid receptors are a class of cell membrane receptors. 

They are critical components of the body’s endocannabinoid system, which helps with various physiological functions, such as memory, mood, appetite, and pain sensation. 

Exogenous cannabinoids in the cannabis plant are the main molecules that trigger cannabinoid receptors. So far, researchers have discovered that the primary cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2. 

What is cannabinol (CBN)? 

CBN is the acronym for cannabinol. 

A non-intoxicating compound, CBN is present when THC ages. As a result, in older cannabis, CBN can exist at high levels. Users report that the cannabinoid provides a meditative feel. Research also suggests CBN may help reduce bacterial infections, protect the brain, and stimulate appetite. 

What is cannabis? 

Cannabis refers to a group of three plants—Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis—that produce psychoactive effects because of their higher concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Slang terms for cannabis include marijuana, skunk, Mary Jane, weed, pot, dope, grass, and reefer. In general, these slang terms refer to the high THC levels used for recreational consumption.

What is cannabis indica? 

Cannabis indica is a type of cannabis plant known for its sedative effects.

Because Cannabis indica contains higher concentrations of THC, it’s popular as a recreational and medicinal drug. 

What is cannabis oil? 

Cannabis oil is different from CBD oil in that it’s produced from cannabis plants high in THC rather than hemp plants, which are low in THC. 

Commonly, cannabis oil is intended to be high in THC and low in CBD, but it can also feature a balance of the two. 

What is cannabis sativa?

Cannabis sativa is a type of cannabis plant known for its uplifting effects. 

Indigenous to eastern Asia, this flowering herbaceous plant has been farmed throughout recorded human history. Different parts of the plant are harvested to create marijuana products, CBD products, hemp fiber, hemp seed oil, and food products. 

What is the cannabis spectrum?

The cannabinoid spectrum refers to the types and potency of cannabinoids present within a CBD product. 

The three primary subtypes on the cannabinoid spectrum are full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate.

What are cannaflavins? 

Cannaflavins are the flavonoids specific to the cannabis plant. 

With over 6,000 types, flavonoids are natural, nutritious compounds that assist in creating beautiful colors in plants, flowers, vegetables, and fruits to attract butterflies, bees, and birds. 

What are CB1 receptors?

CB1 receptors are the short version of “cannabinoid receptor type 1.”

They are a primary cannabinoid receptor that helps the endocannabinoid system function so that the body maintains homeostasis. CB1 receptors are mainly present in the brain, central nervous system, liver, lungs, and kidneys.

Delta-9-THC, the main intoxicating ingredient in cannabis, primarily targets CB1 receptors to deliver an effect. It agonizes CB1 receptors until it activates so that users feel THC’s therapeutic impact.

What are CB2 receptors?

CB2 receptors stand for “cannabinoid receptor type 2.” 

A critical cannabinoid receptor in the endocannabinoid system, CB2 receptors help the body function properly and maintain homeostasis. CB2 receptors also play a vital role in the body’s immune system and in combating inflammation. 

Unlike CB1 receptors, CB2 receptors are mainly found on immune cells, which move throughout the brain and body using the bloodstream. CB2 receptors are also located in the spleen and in some liver cells and bones. 

What is a CBD capsule

CBD capsules are a type of delivery method. 

Similar to pills or tablets, CBD capsules refer to ingestible products. Unlike tablets, which are generally flat, capsules are usually cylindrical. They also consist of a dissolvable gelatin container that features a compound, like a jelly or a powder.

What is a CBD concentrate? 

A CBD concentrate contains extremely high levels of cannabidiol (CBD). 

With a CBD concentrate, users get a higher dose of CBD in a shorter time. There are many forms of CBD concentrates, including CBD butter, CBD wax, CBD resin, CBD crumble, and CBD rosin.

What is a CBD dab?

Typically a wax, resin, or oil, a CBD dab consists of a small amount of CBD concentrate. 

To evaporate and inhale a CBD dab, users must apply the remedy to a heated plate or vaporizer.

What is a CBD isolate?

CBD isolates are products that are 99% CBD. 

When manufacturers develop a CBD isolate, they remove everything in the plant matter, including other beneficial cannabinoids and traces of THC. The only thing that’s left is a powder or crystalline form of CBD. With a CBD isolate, users will only experience the benefits of CBD and not the entourage effect.  

What is CBD oil?

Derived from the hemp plant, CBD oil is a concentrated form of cannabidiol (CBD), a cannabinoid with many therapeutic effects. 

CBD oil is a popular remedy, but not all are created equal. 

What is CBD wax?

A concentrated form of cannabidiol (CBD), CBD wax is a type of product that’s derived from the hemp plant. 

It includes a higher concentration of CBD, making it a more popular remedy. Users only need to take small amounts of CBD wax to get a potent effect. CBD wax gets its name because it takes on a wax-like appearance and consistency once manufacturers extract and purify it.

What is a Certificate of Analysis?

An accredited laboratory provides a Certificate of Analysis to certify the number and potency of cannabinoids in a given product. 

This proof is beneficial to consumers and producers. Both parties get reassurance that a CBD remedy includes everything the product label suggests. 

Consumers should always look at a Certificate of Analysis to avoid low-quality, fake, and mislabeled products. If a CBD company is reputable, it will showcase a Certificate of Analysis for each of its remedies. 

What is cesamet?

Cesamet (nabilone) is a synthetic cannabinoid that has positive effects on cancer treatments and chemotherapy. 

Studies suggest that cesamet helps with severe nausea and vomiting. 

What is chlorophyll?

Referring to groups of green pigmented molecules found in algae and plants, chlorophyll is important for plant photosynthesis. 

Chlorophyll absorbs energy from light and uses that energy to convert carbon dioxide to carbohydrates. 

What is clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CECD)? 

CECD stands for clinical endocannabinoid deficiency. 

This concept suggests that low levels of endocannabinoids may lead to ailments like fibromyalgia, migraines, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).  

What is closed-loop extraction? 

This extraction method is a process that happens when solvents aren’t exposed to open air. 

Commonly used in the past to develop beauty products and perfume, closed-loop extraction is making a comeback. Recently, extractors have started using it to make cannabis concentrates. 

What is CO2 extraction?

This extraction method creates phase changes in carbon dioxide by using changes in temperature and pressure. 

CO2 extraction gently draws out a plant’s therapeutic components, leading to a safe and clean oil that has a long shelf life. This extraction method is a more expensive technique, but its benefits outweigh the costs.  

What is a cultivator?

A cultivator is a person who grows plants. 

Usually, a cultivator is focused on plant health and soil quality. 

What is curing?  

Curing centers on preserving the cannabis plant and all of its beneficial properties and flavors. 

When curing, manufacturers remove moisture from the flowers in environmental conditions that they control. 

What are dabs? 

Dabs are concentrated doses of cannabis or hemp that manufacturers create using a solvent like butane to extract CBD or THC. 

The sticky oils that result from this process are sometimes called wax. When a CBD user is dabbing a dab, the individual is inhaling a concentrated dose of CBD that gets released when heated and vaporized. Typically, CBD users who want quick therapeutic benefits prefer dabbing. 

What is decarboxylation?

A process that centers on applying heat to activate and release CBD or THC from cannabis. 

What is a delivery method?

A specific way that a remedy enters the body to produce therapeutic benefits.

The delivery method that CBD users choose will determine how quickly a remedy works and how much of the product gets absorbed into the bloodstream. There are several types of CBD delivery methods, including tinctures, vapes, topicals, chocolates, gummies, capsules, and salves. 

What is a dispensary?

A dispensary gives CBD users a chance to visit secure retail locations to learn about cannabis and hemp and find remedies that provide therapeutic effects.

The laws regarding dispensaries differ by state.  

What is dosing? 

Dosing is the quantity of a remedy that someone takes at one time. 

The CBD dosage that a user chooses depends on their purpose for using CBD, metabolism, and their preferred delivery method. 

What is dronabinol (marinol and syndros)? 

A man-made form of a natural substance in marijuana, dronabinol is reportedly great for several reasons.

This remedy may help with weight loss and loss of appetite in people with cancer or HIV. Common brand names of dronabinol are Marinol and Syndros.

What is edible? 

Edibles are foods that include CBD or THC. 

Examples of CBD edibles are CBD-infused chocolates, gummies, capsules, baked goods, martinis, butter, and candy.   

What are eicosanoids? 

Eicosanoids refer to signaling molecules that derive from arachidonic acid or other polyunsaturated fatty acids that are similar to arachidonic acid. 

Examples of eicosanoids are endocannabinoids.

What is endocannabinoid? 

Endocannabinoids are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters.

They are chemicals that the body naturally produces to interact with the endocannabinoid system and help regulate critical functions within the body. The primary purpose of endocannabinoids is to help the body maintain homeostasis. Currently, there are two known endocannabinoids: anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG).

What is an endocannabinoid enhancer?

An endocannabinoid enhancer is a remedy that boosts the activity of the endocannabinoid system.

What is the endocannabinoid system (ECS)?

The acronym for endocannabinoid system is ECS. 

The endocannabinoid system is responsible for various functions, including sleep, appetite, pain, stress, fertility, and reproduction. 

The primary function of this complex network is to help the body maintain homeostasis even when the environment changes. Researchers believe that hemp can help the endocannabinoid system achieve homeostasis since the plant’s phytocannabinoids interact with and activate the body’s endocannabinoids and endocannabinoid receptors.

What is endogenous? 

Endogenous stands for molecules and chemicals that are self-made, originating from within an organism.

What is the entourage effect?

The entourage effect is the idea that combining multiple cannabinoids will work synergistically to produce more therapeutic benefits. 

This concept centers on the idea that a remedy with more than one cannabinoid will deliver a better effect. For example, CBD users who want a more holistic product prefer full-spectrum CBD and broad-spectrum CBD versus isolate CBD. 

What are essential oils? 

Essential oils are the concentrated hydrophobic liquids that are in plants. 

Volatile chemical compounds, essential oils are typically extracted so that manufacturers can use the concentrated flavors and aromas contained within a plant. 

Manufacturers extract essential oils using a distillation process that involves steam. However, less common extraction methods include solvent extraction, resin tapping, and cold-pressing.

People commonly use essential oils for aromatherapy and alternative medicine. But some CBD companies include essential oils in their remedies to enhance their products’ taste and therapeutic effects.

What is ethanol extraction?

Ethanol extraction refers to a low-cost extraction method in the CBD industry. 

With this method, manufacturers use cold, high-grade alcohol to gently pull the active compounds from the hemp plant’s cellulose material to develop products. Any oil that manufacturers extract is then further refined to remove all remaining traces of ethanol.

What is extraction? 

Extraction is the process that manufacturers use to separate the chemical components from the hemp plant. 

There are many ways to extract CBD from the hemp plant, including CO2 extraction and cold ethanol extraction.

What is the 2018 Farm Bill? 

At the end of December 2018, the United States Congress passed the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, which is commonly referred to as the Farm Bill. 

With this legislation, people can legally purchase CBD products in all 50 states. 

Under the Farm Bill, industrial hemp—where CBD products come from— must contain less than .3 % THC. Federal and state governments both share power over industrial hemp regulation. However, the Farm Bill also provided the FDA with authority to regulate cannabis and hemp-derived products. 

What is fatty acid? 

A fatty acid is a long hydrocarbon chain that has a carboxyl group (COOH) at the end. 

Fatty acids are vital parts of the fat-soluble components of living cells (lipids). 

What are flavonoids?

Found in plants, flavonoids are biologically active, water-soluble compounds.

Flavonoids within the cannabis and hemp plant are the polyphenolic compounds that give the plant its aroma and color.

What is flower? 

Flower refers to the smokable portion of the female cannabis plant. 

As a result of its versatility, flower is the most popular form of cannabis. 

What is the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)?

A regulatory government agency, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), has the power to regulate cannabis and hemp-derived products. 

The FDA officially approved the CBD product Epidiolex, which is a remedy for epilepsy. Today, the FDA’s relationship with cannabis and CBD brands is constantly evolving. Learn more about how the FDA is handling the cannabis and CBD industry by visiting the FDA’s website. 

What is full-spectrum CBD?

Full Spectrum CBD refers to remedies that feature all of the cannabinoids in the hemp plant. 

The list of cannabinoids includes cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabigerol (CBG). 

Full-Spectrum CBD products also have other naturally-occurring chemical compounds derived from the hemp plant, such as terpenes, flavonoids, fatty acids, and essential oils. For a full-spectrum CBD remedy to be federally legal within the United States, it must contain less than .3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

What are gummies?

CBD gummies are a specific form of CBD edibles. 

Manufacturers typically make CBD gummies using ingredients like cannabidiol (CBD) oil, sugar, corn syrup, water, citric acid, gelatin, and flavoring. Similar to other candies, CBD gummies come in a wide array of styles and flavors.

What is hemp?

Typically grown for industrial use, hemp is a specific variety of the Cannabis sativa plant. 

Manufacturers use the hemp plant to develop CBD products, which must include less than .3% of THC. 

What is hemp seed oil? 

Deriving from the seeds of hemp itself, hemp seed oil features multiple nutrients, such as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, making it great for digestion.

What is a high? 

The term “high” refers to a psychoactive or intoxicated feeling that comes after ingesting cannabis products with high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

What is homeostasis? 

Deriving from the Greek words for “steady” and “same,” homeostasis describes any process that living things use to continuously maintain stable conditions for survival. 

What is homogeneity? 

Homogeneity is the process of testing to guarantee genetic consistency across hemp and cannabis strains. 

Homogeneity also refers to testing for even distribution of CBD or THC in a product. 

What is a hybrid? 

A hybrid is a cannabis strain that combines two varieties of cannabis: indica and sativa.

What are hydroponics? 

Hydroponics is the process of growing a plant without using any soil. 

Other materials, including sand, gravel, or water, can replace the dirt.

What is an indica?

A subspecies of cannabis, Cannabis indica is a stout and broad-leaf plant that provides sedating effects, making users feel relaxed and mellow. 

What is industrial hemp? 

Industrial hemp is what manufacturers grow to develop various products, including CBD remedies, clothing, textiles, food, biodegradable plastic, and biofuel. 

Under the 2018 Farm Bill, all hemp-derived products are legal in the U.S. if they contain less than .3% THC. 

What is an isolate?

Unlike other types of CBD products—such as full-spectrum and broad-spectrum—CBD isolate only contains CBD. 

Isolate doesn’t feature any other cannabinoids or compounds, like terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, or fatty acids. 

What is CBD lotion?

A form of topical CBD, CBD lotions are usually thick liquids that people can apply to the surface of their skin. 

CBD lotions are great for various conditions, such as acne, dry skin, and inflammation.

What is marijuana? 

A slang term, marijuana refers to female Cannabis sativa plants. 

These plants produce flowers that contain phytocannabinoids. People use phytocannabinoids for their medicinal and psychoactive properties.

What is microdosing? 

Microdosing is a technique that revolves around consuming small doses of CBD throughout the day. 

Users may find that microdosing is beneficial because it allows the body to maintain stable levels of CBD around the clock. For those who take CBD for its balancing properties, this consistency can be crucial. 

What is a non-psychotoxic? 

Remedies that don’t provide a psychoactive effect. 

Non-psychotoxic products will not produce a negative impact on the mind, personality, or behavior.

What is a nutraceutical? 

Food-derived products, nutraceuticals are dietary supplements that provide extra health benefits on top of their existing nutritional value. 

Nutraceuticals feature nutrients that manufacturers derive from food products, and they are typically concentrated in a powder, liquid, capsule, or pill form. 

What is organic? 

Organic products are remedies and food that manufacturers derive from farming practices that encourage ecological balance and hinder the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and synthetics. 

These farming methods boost the health of the environment and the consumer. Typically, organic remedies appeal to consumers who support sustainable farming practices and want to use safe, quality products. 

Are all CBD products organic? 

No. Organic CBD products must be grown on soil that’s free from external pollutants for at least three years, and the grower must not use any non-organic fertilizers, soil amendments, or herbicides or pesticides. The product must also contain 70% or more organic ingredients. 

Our organic CBD products include 100% certified organic hemp. However, at this time, the USDA is only certifying farms that grow organic hemp, not CBD products.

What is pet CBD?

Pet CBD refers to CBD products that pets can use. 

Research indicates that CBD for pets may help relieve several conditions, including separation fear, anxiety, joint pain, seizures, ear issues, gastrointestinal problems, muscle pain, and nausea.

What is pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics?

Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamics refer to how drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and excreted in and from the body.

What are phytocannabinoids? 

As chemical compounds in hemp, phytocannabinoids are similar to the endocannabinoids that the body naturally produces. 

There are many phytocannabinoids, including CBD, CBG, CBN, and THC. However, each phytocannabinoid delivers its own unique therapeutic effects on the body.

What is potency? 

Potency is a measure of how strong or effective something is. 

Potency is typically used in the context of drugs and medications in reference to how strong they are or can become. 

What is propylene glycol?

Typically in CBD vape juices, propylene glycol is an ingredient that manufacturers use for its fluidity and ability to vaporize. 

Propylene glycol (PG) is typically used with vegetable glycerin (VG).

What is psychoactive? 

Psychoactive refers to a compound that has the ability to change brain function by interacting with the body’s central nervous system.

A psychoactive ingredient can alter a person’s mood, perception, consciousness, behavior, or cognition. In cannabis strains, THC is the primary psychoactive component. 

What is a psychoactive effect? 

A psychoactive effect refers to the intoxicating feeling that affects the mind.

Within the context of cannabis, it relates to the “high” that’s often associated with the recreational use of marijuana.

What is raw CBD?

Raw CBD is an oil that manufacturers have not heated, cured, or filtered. 

This oil contains a substance called cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) in addition to CBD. Manufacturers must heat the raw CBD oil to remove any traces of CBDA.   

What is a retailer?

A retailer is a business or person who sells a variety of products to the public.

Examples of major retailers include CVS Health, Walgreens, and Rite Aid. Today, many retailers are selling CBD products. 

What is rosin? 

Referred to as colophony, rosin is a solid form of plant resin. 

Extracting rosin from the cannabis plant requires manufacturers to place the raw plant material between two heated plates that administer high pressure. This process then leads to a dense, thick, and sappy-type substance called rosin.

What is a route of administration? 

Route of administration refers to the path that a remedy or substance takes into the body.

Examples include oral administration like CBD capsules and topical application like CBD creams. 

What is a CBD rub?

A CBD rub is a form of topical CBD that users must apply directly to their skin.

CBD rubs can be thick liquids, such as creams or solid sticks that users apply to their skin. 

What is a CBD salve?

A CBD slave is an ointment that manufacturers make using the hemp plant. 

These remedies must be applied directly to the skin.

What is sativa?

Known as Cannabis sativa (C. sativa), sativa is a subspecies of the cannabis plant. 

Unlike Cannabis indica, sativa strains provide a more energetic, uplifting, and euphoric feeling.

What is a schedule 1 drug?

Schedule 1 drugs are substances that the government does not allow people to use for medical use as they can lead to abuse.

What is a CBD serum? 

CBD serums are types of topical CBD products that are available in various forms, including lotions, gels, and oils. 

With CBD serums, users must apply the remedy directly to the surface of their skin. 

What are soft gels?

Essentially pills or capsules, soft gels are soft to the touch rather than hard, as most solid pills are. 

These remedies usually consist of dissolvable gelatin containers that feature the nutrients that users should consume. 

What is a strain?

A strain refers to a cannabis or hemp plant that manufacturers breed to pull out specific characteristics for medicinal, recreational, or industrial use. 

For example, industrial hemp is a strain that includes high levels of CBD and trace amounts of THC, making it legal under the 2018 Farm Bill and useful for medicinal purposes. 

What is a CBD sublingual? 

A CBD sublingual is a simple and straightforward delivery method. 

With a sublingual, users must place the formula underneath their tongue for a certain amount of time. While the CBD substance is there, it absorbs into the bloodstream through the mucus membrane to create a therapeutic effect.

What is synthetic cannabis? 

Synthetic cannabis, such as Spice and K2, are remedies that feature man-made chemicals. 

These products are alternatives to marijuana. However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warns that the effects of synthetic cannabis are unpredictable, harmful, and significantly different from those of marijuana.

What is a terpene?

Terpenes are aromatic oils that provide various flavors, including berry, mint, and pine, to different cannabis strains. 

Researchers believe that more than 20,000 terpenes exist and that cannabis has more than 100 terpenes. Every cannabis strain has its own terpene profile. When combined with other compounds, the effects of any given terpene may amplify.

What is the difference between botanical and cannabis terpenes? 

Both types of terpenes are technically considered botanical since the word botanical means derived from a plant. 

What is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)?

THC is the acronym for tetrahydrocannabinol. 

THC is a cannabinoid in cannabis that produces a psychoactive effect when present in high amounts. 

What is tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA)?

THCA is the acronym for tetrahydrocannabinolic acid. 

This cannabis compound is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in live and raw cannabis. When the plant dries, THCA starts to slowly convert to THC, but applying heat can speeds up this process. Research on THCA is still in its infancy, but studies suggest that THCA may have anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, antiemetic, and neuroprotective properties. 

What is tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)?

THCV is the acronym for tetrahydrocannabivarin. 

This compound is found in cannabis, but most strains contain trace amounts of THCV. While research is still in progress, studies suggest that THCV may suppress appetite, reduce panic attacks, stimulate bone growth, boost heart health, and help with Alzheimer’s. 

What is tetrahydrocannabivarin acid (THCVA)?

THCVA is the acronym for tetrahydrocannabivarin acid. 

This molecule is the precursor to tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV).

What is a CBD tincture? 

A type of delivery method, CBD tinctures are liquids that users should take orally. 

This administration method can contain other substances such as alcohol, MCT oil, coconut oil, glycerin, and flavoring. CBD tinctures are available as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate CBD products. They are often taken under the tongue for maximum effect, but users can also mix CBD tinctures with beverages.

What is a CBD topical

Topical CBD products are a popular delivery method that users must apply directly to their skin. 

These remedies are available in many forms, including masks, salves, balms, serums, and lotions. Typically, people use topical CBD for joint pain, muscle pain, dry skin, acne, and various other conditions. 

What is a vape?

Vape is the act of inhaling and exhaling vapor that a vaporizer device produces when the fluid inside of it evaporates. 

What is CBD vape juice?

CBD vape juice is a liquid that typically features a combination of vegetable glycerin (VG), propylene glycol (PG), flavoring, and cannabidiol (CBD) extract.

Usually referred to as CBD vape oil, CBD vape juice is heated within a tank and is vaporized before users inhale it into their lungs.

What is a CBD vape pen?

A CBD vape pen is an inhalation device that contains a battery, a tank, an atomizer, and CBD vape juice. 

CBD vape pens are available in both reusable and disposable variations. When the CBD vape juice is heated and vaporized, users can inhale it into their lungs. 

What is CBD vaping?

Vaping is a CBD delivery method that centers on inhaling a vaporized liquid from an inhalation device. 

What is vaporize? 

Vaporize is the process of an oil or liquid being heated and converted into a gas that can be inhaled. 

What is a vaporizer?

A vaporizer is a device that vaporizes substances for inhalation. 

Vaporizers can work with dried cannabis, cannabis oil, cannabis wax, or CBD oil. 

What is vegetable glycerin? 

A common ingredient in many CBD vape juices, vegetable glycerin (VG) is a nutrient that manufacturers often use in combination with propylene glycol (PG). 

What is vertical integration? 

Vertical integration is a business practice where a company owns its entire supply chain. 

For example, some CBD companies own the farms that grow their hemp, the barns that store their hemp, and the labs that test their hemp. By owning the entire supply chain, a vertically integrated business can ensure better quality control and maintain its core values and practices across every part of the production process.

Main Menu